Masjid an Nabawi
The Mosque of the Prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him) , in Medina, is the second holiest mosque in Islam. It is the final resting place of the Prophet Muhammed (peace be upon Him). Masjid al Haraam in Mecca is the holiest mosque; the Al-Aqsa mosque compound (which includes Al-Aqsa congregation mosque and the Dome of the Rock, in Jerusalem) is the third holiest in Islam.
The original mosque was built by the Prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him). Subsequent Islamic rulers greatly expanded and decorated the mosque. The most important feature of the site is the green dome over the centre of the mosque, where the tomb of Prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him) is located. Constructed in 1817 and painted green in 1839, it is known as the Dome of the Prophet. Early Muslim leaders Abu Bakr (ra) and Umar (ra) are buried in an adjacent area in the mosque.
The edifice was originally Prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him) 's house; he settled there after his Hijrah (emigration) to Medina, later building a mosque on the grounds. He himself shared in the heavy work of construction. The original mosque was an open-air building. The basic plan of the building has been adopted in the building of other mosques throughout the world.
The mosque also served as a community center, a court, and a religious school. There was a raised platform for the people who taught the Qur'an.